Analysis of Internal Combustion Engines Operating Parameters with Waste Heat Recovery by Two-stage Organic Rankine Cycle
saeid
javan
author
mojtaba
tahani
author
mohammad javad
khodaei
author
text
article
2013
eng
In this paper, the amount of wasted heat from different parts of a 12 liter compression ignition engine and their potential for waste heat recovery were investigated. Then, two-stage configuration of organic rankine cycle was introduced for simultaneous heat recovery from exhaust gases and coolant. Finally, parameters like hybrid generated power, engine thermal efficiency and brake specific fuel consumption were studied in different engine speeds and full engine load. As a result, by using this method, it is possible to produce 35 kW hybrid power, which causes 9.5% reduction in brake specific fuel consumption.
ADMT Journal
Islamic Azad University Majlesi Branch
2252-0406
6
v.
4
no.
2013
http://admt.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/article_534854_76b8806d7da8ddb5cfe1576e1bfb09af.pdf
Influence of weld process parameters on material characterization of friction stir welded joints of aluminium alloy AA6061-T6
H. S. Patil
Patil
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pacific School of Engineering, Palsana, Surat, India.
author
text
article
2013
eng
Abstract: Friction stir welding, a solid state innovative joining technique, is widely being used for joining aluminium alloys for aerospace, marine automotive and many other applications of commercial importance. FSW trials were carried out using a vertical machining centre (VMC) on AA6061 alloy. The main objective of the present work was to evaluate the weld processing parameter of friction stir weld (FSW) process for AA6061-T6 alloy and to determine the properties of the obtained joints with respect of welding speed. Experiments have been conducted by varying the welding speed of 55-70 mm/min and the rotating speed was fixed at 1700rpm. Tensile properties, microstructure, microhardness, fractography, and corrosion resistance of FSW joints were investigated in this study. The result showed that there was a variation of grain size in each weld zone which depends upon the material and process parameters of FSW in the joint itself. The coarsest grain size was observed in heat affected zone (HAZ), followed by the thermomechanically affected zone(TMAZ) and the nugget zone(NZ). The maximum tensile strength of 184MPa and highest joint efficiency of 49.32% was obtained on the joint fabricated at 55mm/min of welding speed.
ADMT Journal
Islamic Azad University Majlesi Branch
2252-0406
6
v.
4
no.
2013
http://admt.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/article_534855_cd69d820d55d4624515e308056c2ef46.pdf
The Influence of EDM Parameters in Finishing Stage on Surface Quality Using Artificial Neural Network
saeid
amini
author
text
article
2013
eng
In this work, the influence of different EDM parameters (pulse current, pulse voltage, pulse on-time , pulse off-time) in finishing stage on the surface roughness (Ra) as a result of application copper electrode to a workpiece( cold work steel DIN1.2379) has been investigated. Design of the experiment was chosen as full factorial. Statistical analysis has been done and artificial neural network has been used to choose proper machining parameters and to reach certain surface roughness. The experiment results indicated a good performance of proposed method in optimization of such a complex and non-linear problems.
ADMT Journal
Islamic Azad University Majlesi Branch
2252-0406
6
v.
4
no.
2013
http://admt.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/article_534856_4d1c652b53d3b1238ed342765024a191.pdf
Optimizing elliptical tank shape based on real-coded genetic algorithm
sadegh
yarmohammadi
author
text
article
2013
eng
An elliptical tank cross-section is formulated to explore and optimization method, based on a real-coded genetic algorithm to enhance the roll stability limit of a tank vehicle. A shape genetic algorithm optimization problem is applied to minimize the overturning moment imposed on the vehicle due to c.g. height of the liquid load, and lateral acceleration and cargo load shift. The minimization process is performed under some main constraints as cross-sectional area, overall height and width. The magnitudes of lateral and vertical translation of the cargo within the proposed optimal cross section under a constant lateral acceleration field are compared with those obtained with currently used elliptical cross-sections to demonstrate the performance potentials of the optimal shapes. A comparison of the vehicle overturning moment revealed that the proposed optimal tank geometry is approximately 12% higher than the vehicle equipped with currently used elliptical and circular cross section tanks.
ADMT Journal
Islamic Azad University Majlesi Branch
2252-0406
6
v.
4
no.
2013
http://admt.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/article_534857_eea9402a514de9b1c06718f4b7834965.pdf
Approximate model and clonal selection algorithm based optimization of heating channels for variotherm injection mold
Xiping
Li
author
Ningning
Gong
author
Tingwei
Ji
author
text
article
2013
eng
The integration of an approximate model and a clonal selection algorithm (CSA) is considered to one of the most effective ways to solve complex optimization design problems in engineering. In this study, first, a process for developing an approximate model and the principles of clonal selection algorithms were presented. Then, a variotherm temperature injection mold used to produce a large liquid crystal display (LCD) TV panel was demonstrated and an approximate model for optimizing the layout of the heating channels in the mold was established. Third, the clonal selection algorithm program was coded according to the aforementioned principles to solve the established approximate model. Finally, the layout of the heating channels was optimized and the optimal solutions were obtained. Finite element simulation and industrial injection production indicated that the integration of the approximate model and clone selection algorithm used in this study to optimize the layout of the heating channels for the injection mold was very effective.
ADMT Journal
Islamic Azad University Majlesi Branch
2252-0406
6
v.
4
no.
2013
http://admt.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/article_534858_1e1f8a9cffae1be8d17ecd728a8339a7.pdf
Analytical solutions for buckling of functionally graded circular plates under uniform radial compression by using Bessel function
abbas
heydari
author
text
article
2013
eng
The current study presents a new analytical method for buckling analysis of circular plates with constant thickness and Poisson’s ratio, made of functionally graded material subjected to radial load. Governing equations are based on energy method for thin plates. The boundary conditions of the plate are assumed to be simply supported and clamped. The stability equations were obtained by using conservation of energy. The critical buckling load and first mode shape in terms of Bessel function of the first kind were obtained using Variational Calculus method. Increase in buckling capacity and improvement in the behavior of functionally graded plates in comparison to homogenous plates have been investigated
ADMT Journal
Islamic Azad University Majlesi Branch
2252-0406
6
v.
4
no.
2013
http://admt.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/article_534859_d7f0ac32f8d5c9d8eae157bc1b6e2fa5.pdf
Free Vibrations of Functionally Graded Circular Cylindrical Shells under Internal Pressure
A.
Davar
Islamic Azad University
author
S. Mohammad Reza
Khalili
K.N. Toosi University of Technology
author
H.
Hadavinia
Kingston University, London, UK
author
text
article
2013
eng
Free vibration of simply supported circular cylindrical shell made of Functionally Graded Material (FGM) under internal pressure was investigated. The effective material properties are assumed to vary continuously along the thickness direction according to a volume fraction power law distribution. First order shear deformation theory based on Love's first approximation theory was utilized in the equilibrium equations. The effects of FGM parameters such as material configuration and power law exponent, internal pressure as well as geometrical parameters such as thickness to radius and length to radius ratios on the vibration behavior were investigated. The validation of the results was achieved by comparing with those available in the literature. The results show that the vibration characteristics of Functionally Graded (FG) shells are greatly influenced by FGM parameters. Also, internal pressure and geometrical parameters considerably influence the frequency behavior regarded to different values of FGM parameters.
ADMT Journal
Islamic Azad University Majlesi Branch
2252-0406
6
v.
4
no.
2013
http://admt.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/article_534860_152c5fcc5dfddf957273fc0017899bab.pdf
Reducing stress concentration factor around a hole on a plate by piezoelectric patch
Sa'id
Golabi
author
Javad
Jafari Fesharaki
author
text
article
2013
eng
Using piezoelectric patches the stress concentration around a hole on a plate under tension is reduced and controlled. To attain the reduction in stress two placements for piezoelectric patches is investigated. The first location is top/bottom of the hole with compression induced strain and the second is left/right of the hole with tension induced strains to control the stress flow. The result for two above condition is presented for host plate and piezoelectric patches and by comparing the results the advantages of locating the piezoelectric patches to control the stress flow in the host plate is investigated. The results show that locating the piezoelectric patches at left/right of the hole, to control the stress flow and stress concentration is more effective than locating them at the top/bottom of the hole.
ADMT Journal
Islamic Azad University Majlesi Branch
2252-0406
6
v.
4
no.
2013
http://admt.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/article_534861_2092a3151bba4498344da9c9772f07cb.pdf
Exact Vibration and Buckling Solution of Levy Type Initially Stressed Rectangular Thin Plates
Ali Akbar
Neyestanak
author
Ali
lotfi
author
text
article
2013
eng
This paper has focused on vibration and buckling of thin rectangular plates when at least two opposite sides are simply supported condition and subjected to axial and biaxial initially stresses. Analysis is based on exact solution method, without further usage of any approximate method. First analytic techniques are used to discuss the free vibrations of plate. Then, natural frequencies and critical buckling loads are calculated. It is believed that in the present work, the exact closed form characteristic equations and their associated eigenfunctions for the considered six case are obtained for the first time.
ADMT Journal
Islamic Azad University Majlesi Branch
2252-0406
6
v.
4
no.
2013
http://admt.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/article_534862_c97c4b9b7c67acb907478c466dd1c86d.pdf
Volume fraction optimization of four-parameter FGM beams resting on elastic foundation
saeed
kamarian
author
text
article
2013
eng
This paper deals with volume fraction optimization of Functionally Graded (FG) beams resting on elastic foundation for maximizing the first natural frequency. The two-constituent functionally graded beam consists of ceramic and metal. These constituents are graded through the thickness of beam according to a generalized power-law distribution. One of the advantages of using generalized power- law distribution is the ability of controlling the materials volume fraction of FG structures for considered applications. The primary optimization variables are the four parameters in the power-law distribution. Since the search space is large, the optimization processes becomes so complicated and too much time consuming. Thus a novel meta–heuristic called Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (ICA) which is a socio-politically motivated global search strategy is applied to find the optimal solution. A proper and accurate Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is trained by training data sets obtained from generalized differential quadrature (GDQ) method to reproduce the behavior of the structure in free vibration. The ANN improves the speed of optimization process by a considerable amount. The performance of ICA is evaluated in comparison with other nature inspired technique Genetic Algorithm (GA). Comparison shows the success of combination of ANN and ICA for design of material profile of FG beam. Finally the optimized material profile for the optimization problem is presented.
ADMT Journal
Islamic Azad University Majlesi Branch
2252-0406
6
v.
4
no.
2013
http://admt.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/article_534863_333093012819a55e9420a62ed189de6a.pdf
Sliding Mode Control of AFM in Cantact Mode during Manipulation of Nano-particle
M. H
Korayem
author
M.
Noroozi
author
Kh.
Daeinabi
author
text
article
2013
eng
Abstract: Application of atomic force microscope as a manipulator for pushing-based positioning of nano-particles has been of considerable interest during recent years. However a detailed modeling of the interaction forces and control on the AFM tip is important for prosperous manipulation control, a reliable control of the AFM tip position during the AFM-based manipulation process is a main issue. The deflection of the AFM tip caused by manipulation force is the one of nonlinearities and uncertainties which causes difficulties in accurately controlling the tip position, the tip can jump over the target nano-particle then the process will fail. This study aims to design a sliding mode controller (SMC) as robust chattering-free control in contact-mode to control the AFM tip during nano-manipulation process for accomplishment of a precise and effective nano-manipulation task in order to achieve the full automatic nano-manipulation system without direct intervention of an operator. The nano-probe is used to push the spherical micro/nano-particle. Nano-scale interaction forces, elastic deformation in contact areas, and friction forces in tip/nano-particle/substrate system are considered. The first control purpose is controlling and positioning the microcantilever tip at a desired trajectory by the control input force which can be exerted on the microcantilever in the Y direction by a piezo actuator located in the base of the microcantilever. The second control target is PZT-driven positioning stage in AFM-based nano-manipulation in the X,Y in the falt surface. The simulation results show that the designed controllers have been able to make the desired variable state to track specified trajectory during a nano-scale manipulation.
ADMT Journal
Islamic Azad University Majlesi Branch
2252-0406
6
v.
4
no.
2013
http://admt.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/article_534864_cb2165721ee029f90fcfb539da82c398.pdf
Thermo-mechanical nonlinear vibration in nano-composites polyethylene shell reinforced by CNT's embedded elastic
morteza
raminnia
Corresponding author
author
text
article
2013
eng
In this study, thermo-mechanical nonlinear vibration of a polyethylene (PE) cylindrical shell embedded in an elastic foundation was investigated. The shell is reinforced by armchair Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) where characteristics of the equivalent composite being determined using Mori-Tanaka model. The elastic medium is simulated using the spring constant of the Winkler-type, . Employing nonlinear terms of strains-displacements based on Donell's theory, stress-strain relation, first order shear deformation theory and Hamilton's principal, the governing equations were obtained. Differential quadrature method (DQM) is used to calculate the nonlinear frequency of the shell. The influences of geometrical parameters, orientation angle of CNTs and elastic foundation constants on the nonlinear vibration of the shell were investigated. Results showed that the nonlinear effect represented by nonlinear frequency ratio is considerable at lower .
ADMT Journal
Islamic Azad University Majlesi Branch
2252-0406
6
v.
4
no.
2013
http://admt.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/article_534865_1a8e9ea5eada09cc1a94be35bb759544.pdf