Application of Grey Relational Analysis for Optimizing Weld pool geometry parameters of Pulsed Current Micro Plasma Arc Welded AISI 304L stainless steel sheets

Authors

1 ASSISTANT PROFESSOR

2 ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR

3 VICE CHANCELLOR, CENTURION UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY & MANAGEMENT

Abstract

Pulsed Current Plasma Arc Welding (PCPAW) is one of the most widely used welding processes in sheet metal manufacturing industry. In any fusion arc welding process, the weld bead geometry plays an important role in determining the mechanical properties of the weld and hence quality of the weld.  Moreover, the geometry of weld bead involves several simultaneously multiple quality characteristics such as front width, back width, front height and back height, which must be closely monitored, controlled and optimized. This paper presents the optimization of the PCPAW process by using the grey relational analysis considering the aforementioned quality characteristics. The specific targets are maximum front width and back width, minimum front height and back height. Experiments were performed under different welding conditions such as peak current, back current, pulse rate and pulse width using AISI 304L stainless steel sheets of 0.25mm thick. An Response Surface Method (RSM) based Central Composite Design (CCD) experimental design is used to conduct experiments. Optimal welding parameters were determined by the grey relational grade obtained from the grey relational analysis. Optimal results have been verified through confirmation experiments.