Islamic Azad University, Science and Research branch


The present experimental study reports on enhancement of heat transfer by addition of nanoparticles to the working fluid of commercial swimming pool heat exchangers under laminar flow condition. Three different concentrations of Titanium dioxide nanoparticles were added to the water as working fluid of a typical forced convective heat exchanger used to transfer heat to public swimming pools. The experimental setup is capable of measuring velocity, heat transfer rate, and temperature at different points. TiO2 nanoparticles with mean diameter of 20 nm were used. The effects of concentration of suspended nanoparticles and that of Reynolds number on forced convective heat transfer were investigated. It is observed that at 0.1%, 0.5% and 1% weight concentration of suspended TiO2 nanoparticles, the average convective heat transfer coefficient improved by 1.1%, 15.9% and 31.6% respectively. The coefficient is further increased at higher Reynolds numbers. The efficiency of heat exchanger is evaluated for different scenarios.