School of Automotive Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology


Superplastic forming (SPF) is a manufacturing process utilized in the automotive industry to produce complex geometry aluminum or magnesium alloy components which cannot be fabricated at room temperature. This paper investigates the effects of the die entry radius and the interfacial friction coefficient on the required forming time and thickness distribution of a superplastic formed part. A commercial finite element software, ABAQUS/Implicit, is applied to simulate forming of AA5083 aluminum alloy into a license plate pocket panel. The results indicate that for a fixed friction coefficient, increasing the entry radius reduces the forming time and enhances the formed part quality, in terms of thickness distribution. It is also shown that the lower the friction coefficient, the higher the sensitivity of the forming time to the die entry radius variations.//