Modeling and Optimal Control of a Sport Utility Cable Suspended Robot

Authors

1 H. Tourajizadeh, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2 professor- Iran University of Science and Technology

3 phd student- Iran University of Science and Technology

Abstract

A new mechanism is presented in this paper for simulating the athlete performance and training the sportsman’s exercises, using a closed loop six degrees of freedom (DOFs) cable suspended robot. This robot cancels the necessity of presence of a sport coach for training the sportsman. Using the proposed robot, it is possible to program the robot for training the athlete limb (arm, leg and etc.) within a predefined trajectory corresponding to his special sport performance. The limb of the sportsman which is involved in the game and should be trained could be attached to the end-effector of the cable robot. Since in many sports a large environmental space needs to be covered by the athlete movement, ordinary robots are not capable to be employed for this application while cable robots are applicable since a large dynamic workspace can be covered by them. Moreover, training the sportsman limb requires a precise movement of the mentioned end-effector on a predefined trajectory. This importance could not be satisfied without using a proper closed loop controlling system since a variable external disturbing force applies on the end-effector as a result of the weight of the sportsman limb and its dynamic movement. Studio cams and automatic brancard for carrying the damaged sportsman out of the field are also of other applications of the presented closed loop cable robot. So required dynamic and control formulation of the end-effector of the cable robot is derived for handling the athlete limb on a predefined trajectory in a closed loop way. Simulation on using the MATLAB confirms the possibility of the mentioned claim for simulating the sportsman training. Finally the efficiency of the proposed mechanism in training the athletes’ limb is also proved by conducting experimental test on Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST) cable robot (ICaSbot).