Investigation of Mechanical Property and Microstructure of Nanocomposite AZ31/SiC Fabricated by Friction Stir Process

Authors

1 Department of Mechanics, Faculty of Engineering, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Shahrekord, Shahrekord, Iran

3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran

Abstract

The friction stir process (FSP) is a solid state process, which has been used to insert reinforcing particles into the structure of a material to create a composite with improved properties. Magnesium is a light structural metal that is increasingly used in the aerospace and automobile industries. In this research, SiC nanoparticles were added to AZ31 alloy using FSP in two overlaps of 100% and 50% passes. In 100% pass overlapping, nanoparticles were added in 4, 8 and 16 volume percentages and in 50% pass overlapping only nanoparticles in 4 volume percent were added. The FSP process performed as 4 consecutive passes in both overlaps along with rapid cooling. Microstructure, hardness and tensile strength of created composites were examined. The results suggested that adding reinforcing materials causes reduction in the size of the grains, uniformity of structure and increase in the hardness of material. SiC nanoparticles distributed uniformly through the AZ31 alloy. By increasing volume fraction of reinforcing materials, yield stress of the material increased but ultimate stress and formability properties reduced. In 50% overlapping state, the yield stress in directions, either parallel or perpendicular to the pin direction, increased rather than 100% overlapping state, but the ultimate stress and elongation properties reduced. This reduction was greater in the perpendicular direction relative to the pin direction.

Keywords


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