The vibratory finishing is one of the important mass finishing processes. This can be applied for finishing many metallic and non- metallic components using abrasive materials such as steel, ceramic, natural materials and etc. The vibratory finishing process is used for some purposes such as surfaces polishing, deburring, oxide layer removing and rounding the edges. Evaluation of surface roughness changes with time that is one of the important parameters during the vibratory finishing process. In this study, the effects of the working time and abrasive materials are investigated on the surface roughness changes of CK45 steel samples. The ceramic, glass and mixed abrasive particles are used as the abrasive media. The experiments are performed at different time from 10 to 120 minutes in the dry environment. Finally, the surface roughness values of samples were measured and then fitted by a regression equation for description of the surface roughness changes with time. According to the results, the maximum surface finish was obtained after 120 minutes by using mixed abrasive materials. The surface roughness improved approximately 60%.