Modeling and Design of a Disk-Type Furrow Opener’s Coulter Its Mechanical Analysis and Study for No-Till Machinery (Combination and Bertini)

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Biosystems Mechanical Engineering, Bonab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bonab, Iran

2 Department of BiosystemsMechanical Engineering, Bonab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bonab, Iran.

3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran Modern Manufacturing Technologies Research Center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

4 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Bonab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bonab, Iran

Abstract

No-till practices play an important role in decreasing production costs, increasing soil organic matter content, improving soil structure and removing unwanted environmental impacts. However, due to a lack of access to proper machinery for direct seeding in unplowed lands, such practices have failed to produce successful results since they are incapable of providing sufficient contact between soil and seeds. Introducing a machine that can plant seeds and fertilizer at two different depths in hard (unplowed) soils covered with last season’s crop residues can be the first step towards pilot no-till initiatives. This step can finally lead to the promotion of this practice in the potential areas. In this study, different components of a disk furrow opener were optimally designed in Solid Works modelling software. ANSYS was used to analyze this furrow opener and its three main related components. Finally, the coulter’s stress was determined using the von Mises criterion. The result showed that the minimum coulter stress was 1985.5Pa throughout the plane and its maximum belonged to the holes inside the hub with 1.0819x107Pa. The safety factor of the initial coulter was 17.85, while that of the optimally designed coulter was 25.

Keywords


[1]     Cannell, R., Ellis, F., Christian, D., Graham, J., and Douglas, J., “The Growth and Yield of Winter Cereals After Direct Drilling, Shallow Cultivation and Ploughing on Non-Calcareous Clay Soilsˮ, The Journal of Agricultural Science, Vol. 94, No. 2, 1980, pp. 345-359.

[2]     Hemmat, A., Taki, O., “Grain Yield of Irrigated Winter Wheat as Affected by Stubble-Tillage Management and Seeding Rates in Central Iranˮ, Soil and Tillage Research, Vol. 63, No. 1, 2001, pp. 57-64.

[3]     Hofman, V., Fanning, C., and Deibert, E., “Reduced Tillage Seeding Equipment for Small Grainsˮ, 2011.

[4]     Stephens, L., Johnson, R., “Soil Strength in the Seed Zone of Several Planting Systemsˮ, Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 57, No, 2, 1993, pp. 481-489.

[5]     Goshtasb, A. K., Desbiolles, J., and Fielke, J., “Circular Disc Blade Considerations in Soil Force Prediction Modellingˮ, Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology A, Vol. 4, No. A, 2014.

[6]     Boone, L., Graffis, D., Gray, M., Hager, A., Hoeft, R., and Hollinger, S., “Illinois Agronomy Handbookˮ, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Agricultural Experiment Station, USA, 1994.

[7]     Mashaly, M., El-Shafiy, H., El-Maraghy, S. and Habib, H., “Synthesis, Properties and Thermal Studies of Oxorhenium (V) Complexes with 3-Hydrazino-5, 6-Diphenyl-1, 2, 4-Triazine, Benzimidazolethione and 2-Hydrazinobenzimidazole: Mixed Ligand Complexes, Pyrolytical Products and Biological Activityˮ, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, Vol. 61, No. 8, 2005, pp. 1853-1869.