Stress and Displacement Analysis of First Molar Hollow Tooth during Dental Filling Operation using Three-Dimensional Finite Element Method

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate University of Advanced Technology, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran

3 Zana Energy Rojhelat Co., Kermanshah, Iran

Abstract

the amount of rotten tooth that is come out of teeth is an important issue in dental filling because of its effects on strength of teeth. The main goal of this study is to determine a criterion for the amount of rotten tooth which can be brought out. To do so, first, a three-dimensional finite element model of the complex shape of Right First Molar Mandibular has been established. Then, cylindrical holes with different values of height and diameter (diameter of holes from 3 mm to 8 mm and height of 3 mm to 5.9 mm) is created on the cusp of the tooth. A uniform pressure (from 10 Pa to 10 kPa) is applied around the tooth resembling the belt which is utilized in reality. According to the obtained displacement and stress contours, the diameter of tooth hole can be increased up to 7 mm for pressures under 10 Pa while for higher pressures, the diameter of tooth hole can just be increased up to 6 mm. In addition, due to sudden increase in stress at a pressure of 10 kPa, increasing the value of pressure to higher values is not recommended.

Keywords


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