Incropera, F. P., DeWitt D. P. Introduction to Heat Transfer. J. Wiley & Sons, 1990.
 Almogbel, M., Bejan, A., Cylindrical Trees of Pin Fins, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 43, No. 23, 2000, pp. 4285-4297.
 Bello-Ochende, T., Meyer, J. P., and Bejan, A., Constructal Multi-Scale Pin–Fins, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 53, No. 13, 2010, pp. 2773-2779.
 Yang, A., Chen, L., Xie, Z., Feng, H., and Sun, F., Constructal Heat Transfer Rate Maximization for Cylindrical Pin-Fin Heat Sinks, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 108, 2016, pp. 427-425.
 Bello-Ochende, T., Bejan, A., Constructal Multi-Scale Cylinders in Cross-Flow, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 48, No. 7, 2005, pp. 1373-1383.
 Page, L. G., Bello-Ochende, T., and Meyer, J. P., Constructal Multi Scale Cylinders with Rotation Cooled by Natural Convection, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 57, No. 1, 2013, pp. 345-355.
 Olakoyejo, O. T., Meyer, J. P., Numerical Optimization of Square Pin-Fins for Minimum Thermal Resistance with Non-Uniform Design Dimensions, International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics, 14–16 July, 2014.
 Goshayeshi, H. R., Vafa Toroghi, R., An Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer of Free Convection on Triangular Fins in Order to Optimize the Arrangement of Fins, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society, Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 152-160.
 Goodarzian, H., Sahebi, S. A., Shobi, M. O., and Safaee, J., A Collocation Solution on the Optimization of Straight Fin with Combined Heat and Mass Transfer, International Journal of Physical Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 9, 2011, pp. 2268-2275.
 Rubio-Jimenez, C. A., Kandlikar, S. G., and Hernandez-Guerrero, A., Numerical Analysis of Novel Micro Pin Fin Heat Sink with Variable Fin Density, IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 2, No.5, 2012, pp. 825-833.
 Salimpour, M. R., Sharifhasan, M., and Shirani, E., Constructal Optimization of Microchannel Heat Sinks with Noncircular Cross Sections, Heat Transfer Engineering, Vol. 34, No. 10, 2013, pp. 863-874.
 Jadhav, R. S., Balaji, C., Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics of a Vertical Channel with Detached Pin-Fin Arrays Arranged in Staggered Manner on Two Opposite Endwalls, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, Vol. 105, 2016, pp. 57-74.