Modelling of Friction Stir Extrusion using Artificial Neural Network (ANN)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

2 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Urmia University of Technology, Iran

3 Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Kansas State University, USA

4 Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Urmia University of Technology, Iran


In the present study, an artificial neural network (ANN) model is developed to predict the correlation between the friction stir extrusion (FSE) parameters and the recycled wires’ average grain sizes. FSE is a solid–state synthesis technique, in which machining chips are firstly loaded into the container, and then a rotating tool with a central hole is plunged into the chips at a selected rotational speed and feed rate to achieve indirect extrusion. Selecting rotational speed (RS), vertical speed (VS), and extrusion hole size (HS) as the input and average grain size as the output of the system, the 3–6–1 ANN is used to show the correlation between the input and output parameters. Checking the accuracy of the neural network, R squared value and Root–Mean–Square–Error (RMSE) of the developed model (0.94438 and 0.75794, respectively) have shown that there is a good agreement between experimental and predicted results. A sensitivity analysis has been conducted on the ANN model to determine the impact of each input parameter on the average grain size. The results showed that the rotational speed has more effect on average grain size during the FSE process in comparison to other input parameters.


Main Subjects

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