Experimental Investigation of Pool Boiling of Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes (SWCNTs) with Different Grooved Surfaces

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

Department of Mechanical Engineering Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

The enhancements in boiling heat transfer can bring immediate benefits to improve the efficiency and cost of heat energy transfer. In this study, heat transfer coefficient in pool boiling of single wall carbon nanotube-water (SWCNTs) at a concentration of 0. 05, 0. 1 and 0. 15 vol. % on smooth and grooved surfaces has been investigated experimentally at atmospheric pressure. The effect of some shapes namely circular groove, square groove and straight groove on the boiling heat transfer has been also investigated. The experimental results indicated that making different grooved surfaces and also using (SWCNTs)-water enhanced the boiling heat transfer coefficient. The highest increase in heat transfer coefficient was seen in circular grooved, which is 76% higher than the base fluid water on the smooth surface. The heat flux has been changed from 0 to 140 kW/m2. By comparing the results, the circular groove with 0.15% concentration of SWCNTs has higher heat transfer coefficient for the boiling heat transfer. Based on pool boiling surfaces, a new type of grooves pool pooling surface was designed and constructed, which is consisted of inclined circular groove at angle of 45°. Outcome of the present work definitely indicates that the inclination of the circular groove could be excellent option for the increasing of pool boiling heat transfer. Cornwel-Houston correlation has been modified to take care of the effect of grooved surfaces for correlating the Nusselt number as a function of Reynolds number and Prandtl number in pool boiling. This new correlation agrees with the experimental data from the augmented surface satisfactory.

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Main Subjects


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