Influences of Blank Holder Force in The Multi-Step Deep Drawing Process of Aluminum Sheets

Document Type: Original Article


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Enghelab-e Eslami, Tehran Branch, Technical and Vocational University (TVU), Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran


In recent decades, the use of aluminium alloys is developed in the automotive industry with regard to the need for lightweight and anti-corrosion components, one of which is AA7075 Al alloy. In this study, the multi-step deep drawing process of AA7075 aluminium sheets under various blank holder forces is investigated through a numerical simulation and is then validated with experimental results. Simulations were conducted by ABAQUS finite element software, and the influences of the blank holder force on the wrinkling height, rupture occurrence and thickness distribution of the sheet were studied. The optimum amount of blank holder force at each drawing step is determined so that the height of wrinkling, and the thinning percentage do not exceed the permissible value. Based on the results, the blank holder force magnitude should be considered descending during the four successive steps to achieve more uniform thickness distribution, and also the wrinkling height could be reduced by increasing the blank holder force in the analysed force range. The optimum amount of blank holder force in the four drawing steps was 28000, 2500, 1500 and 600 N, respectively. In general, the minimum thickness was created in the corner of the punch. The results also showed that an excessive increase in the blank holder force in order to eliminate the wrinkling caused the thinning percentage to increase. Finally, a good accordance between the experimental and numerical results was observed.


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